Installation and Set-up Apache2 Web Server php mysql phpmyadmin (LAMP) on Ubuntu 16.04

Люба х...ня

Although my previous article about Ubuntu server installation and configuration has become outdated, it's still very popular. So I've decided to share with you my experience of software installation on Ubuntu 16.04.

Some steps were taken from the previous article. 

Remember to issue sudo command (sudo su -) to follow all the steps below.  

Update the software

sudo apt-get update

Install Apache 2

apt-get install apache2

Configure Apache2

nano /etc/apache2/apache2.conf

## Fix the warning when restarting Apache
ServerName localhost

## Enable php
AddType application/x-httpd-php .php .phtml

## Set up UTF-8 encoding  
​Встановлюємо кодування UTF-8 по замовчуванню
AddDefaultCharset UTF-8

Restart Apache

service apache2 restart

Open http://localhost/ and enjoy.

Set up virtual hosts (VirtualHost)

For lazybones, I have a template bitbucket (only for local hosts). 

Download the file. Put it into /var/www.

Give permission to execute the script: 

chmod +x /var/www/vhosts.sh

The example of creating a host file: 

sudo /var/www/vhosts.sh mysite.loc

You can skip the next steps regarding virtualhosts.

Write in the hosts /etc/hosts (nano /etct/hosts)

127.0.0.1    mysite.loc

Go to “/etc/apache2/” directory

Take a look what's inside:

root@HP:/etc/apache2# ls -l
total number 88
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  7728 кві 26 22:55 apache2.conf
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  7691 кві 26 22:34 apache2.conf~
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root  4096 кві 26 22:52 conf-available
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root  4096 кві 26 22:52 conf-enabled
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  1782 січ  3 16:48 envvars
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 31063 січ  3 16:48 magic
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 12288 кві 26 22:27 mods-available
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root  4096 кві 26 22:27 mods-enabled
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root   320 січ  7 15:23 ports.conf
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root  4096 кві 26 22:43 sites-available
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root  4096 кві 26 22:44 sites-enabled

In the “sites-available” directory you'll find configurations of the available hosts and in the “sites-available” directory, there are links to active hosts. Go to available hosts and create a configuration file for mysite.loc. By the way, ifyou default configuration file ends with .conf then create a new configuration files with *. conf extension.

nano sites-available/mysite.conf
There we write: 

This is enough to get your local host working. a2ensite mysite.conf

Mind the trap: if you get an error and you can't create a link, you can fix it this way:

 

ln /etc/apache2/sites-available/mysite.conf /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/

Now, you just need to reload the Apache2 configurations:>

service apache2 reload
## або, якщо необхідно
service apache2 restart

So Apache2 is working, the first host has been added.

Install MySQL

MySQL is available in the Ubuntu repositories. It is divided into several packages.

To install the MySQL server, run the following command:

sudo apt-get install mysql-server

The configure script will ask a user for an admin password (root) of the database. 

Install PHP 5.6

First of all, you have to delete all older if you have any

sudo apt-get purge `dpkg -l | grep php| awk '{print $2}' |tr "\n" " "`

Add PPA

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ondrej/php

Update

sudo apt-get update

Install  PHP

sudo apt-get install php5.6

Install additional modules

sudo apt-get install php5.6-mbstring php5.6-mcrypt php5.6-mysql php5.6-xml

Review the version:

sudo php -v

PHP 5.6.26-1+deb.sury.org~xenial+1 (cli) 

Copyright (c) 1997-2016 The PHP Group

Zend Engine v2.6.0, Copyright (c) 1998-2016 Zend Technologies

    with Zend OPcache v7.0.6-dev, Copyright (c) 1999-2016, by Zend Technologies

Install PhpMyadmin

apt-get install phpmyadmin

Configure it to your needs: point out that you use Apache2, write the database password and the phpmyadmin password.

Trap 1: http //localhost/phpmyadmin not found ubuntu

Solution:

nano /etc/apache2/apache2.conf
## add it at the end of the file
Include /etc/phpmyadmin/apache.conf

Trap 2: http //localhost/phpmyadmin  HTTP ERROR 500

sudo apt-get install php-mbstring php-gettext
sudo phpenmod mcrypt
sudo phpenmod mbstring
sudo service apache2 restart

If you've done everything right, you'll have a configured ready-to-use
local server. Good luck!

Let’s fill the brief, shall we?